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Since coming to dominate the electric vehicle marketplace, a number of competitors to Tesla have emerged. One of these major competitors is the company known as Lucid Motors. Who are they?
Lucid Motors Background
Founded in 2007 under the name Atieva, Lucid Motors does not actually have an electric car for sale yet! In 2020 they made waves, however, when they announced the production of a new car known as the Lucid Air Dream and prototypes being made for an electric SUV. Before planning to enter the EV market, Lucid originally focused on building electric vehicle batteries and powertrains for other companies that now will be their competitors. This plan to develop EV’s themselves was announced in 2016 when the name change from Atieva to Lucid Motors occurred. As recently as In February 2021, Lucid Motors announced a deal valued at $11.75 billion to merge with Churchill Capital Corp IV and shared how it had the intention to produce its Project Gravity SUV by 2023, then offer a competitor to Tesla's Model 3 by 2024 or 2025. Lucid Motors has big plans, but how will they actually go about making all these vehicles?
The Casa Grande, Arizona Factory
In November of 2016, Lucid Motors bought land for the construction of a factory in Casa Grande, Arizona. Ground was broken in 2017 and it is now fully functional. It cost about 700 million to build and in February of this year, CNBC was allowed to take a peek into the factory. Lucid Motor’s CEO, Peter Rawlinson, gave CNBC a tour. The tour involved showing-off the preproduction process for upcoming Lucid vehicles. It was discussed how the cars were basically, “A computer on wheels,” as they were so high-tech. Rawlinson admitted everything was currently in, “Phase 1,” which is focused on prouducing Lucid’s first car, with phase 2 being the Gravity SUV, and further theoretical phases doubling the size of the factory to allow the production of high-volume cards to compete with the upcoming Tesla models that will be lower-cost to appeal to a more general market. A factory with all the phases complete would be 5 million square feet, but right now Lucid Motors needs to focus on getting its first vehicle, the Lucid Air Dream to market. With not even a single product out yet, the big question becomes if Lucid can truly compete with Tesla?
Can Lucid Compete With Tesla?
Lucid Motors knows a lot about electric vehicles, that cannot be debated. Since their founding as Atieva, they have worked to create powerful and effective batteries for electric vehicles that have served other companies well. There is more to an electric car than its battery, however. Lucid Motors needs to have designed an entire car from basically the ground-up and created an operating system that can compete with Tesla’s version in the marketplace. To Lucid’s credit, they are starting with a focus on the luxury market, emphasizing their car is for those who don’t flinch at a higher price tag. This is basically how Tesla got its start before beginning to focus on more of a mass-market. Lucid Motors is launching with a luxury focus, then creating an electric SUV as that market has become immensely popular. Then, and only then, do they want to put funds towards trying to compete with Tesla’s more immediate focus, a mass-market that wants a less-expensive electric vehicle option. This is smart but carries risks too. After all, Tesla started-out in the luxury market and has perfected its expertise in it. Tesla knows luxury vehicles. It makes the cars, the software, the batteries, and you can go buy a Tesla right now and see the proof driving-by that they’re the leader in this field. Lucid Motors doesn’t have a car for sale right now. They have an impressive factory, they have a number of big deals in place, and they clearly know batteries, but can they compete with Tesla? We don’t know, because we don’t have any proof to show that yes, they can, or no, they can’t. Right now everything is theoretical until the cars roll off the line and can be purchased by consumers.
Lucid Motors--Immense Potential and Even Greater Risk
Lucid Motors is a bit like Tesla in its early days--full of potential but unproven. Tesla has since its creation shown it knows what it is doing when it comes to impressive electric vehicles. Lucid Motors has not yet been able to prove if it can back-up its big claims. Based on what Lucid has shown to the general public and entities such as CNBC, they clearly have big plans. Should these plans come to fruition and Lucid Motors’ first car is a big success, they will be able to continue building-out their factory and building-up more cars and SUVs. However, should Lucid Motors create a subpar vehicle that fails in the marketplace, then all their planning will be for naught as they may end-up losing any financial backing. Lucid Motors has the opportunity to succeed but carries a very real risk of failure as well.
Have you ever wondered what car giant could be the fastest? Well, leave that to Tesla. When it moves, it moves really fast! A major facelift was announced for the Model S. The Model S was debited in the Tesla’s first sedan automobile. It was introduced in the year 2012. And just some days ago, Elon Musk gives us a teaser with a tweet, “Plaid Model S ships next month.”
Who Is Elon Musk?
Elon Musk is a South African-born American entrepreneur and businessman who founded X.com in 1999 (which later became PayPal), SpaceX in 2002 and Tesla Motors in 2003. Musk became a multimillionaire in his late 20s when he sold his start-up company, Zip2, to a division of Compaq Computers.
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In mid-2020, Tesla Inc. announced a plan to build a brand new factory in Austin, Texas. Elon Musk, Tesla CEO, revealed in an annual shareholder meeting in October that the $1 billion, 4 million, 5 million-square-foot plant, should finish construction by the fourth quarter of this year. However, local presentations by Tesla representatives revealed May 1, 2021, as the “first substantial completion date”—the time at which construction will be complete enough to sustain some level of operations, according to the American Institute of Architect standards. Beforehand, Tesla referred to the factory as the Cybertruck Gigafactory because it had plans to generate the electric pickup truck there.
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The government is a major buyer of vehicles. However, replacing such a fleet with American-produced EVs will be costly and take time. Currently, only a handful of all-electric cars being assembled in the U.S. Tesla, General Motors, and Nissan Motor produce E.V.s domestically. In contrast, Ford Motor and others have announced plans to do so. It’s unclear whether Biden’s plan includes plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, which use a combination of E.V. motors and traditional internal combustion engines. When discussing the plans, he referred to the new fleet being made up of electric vehicles “that are net-zero emissions.”
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🎥 Tesla Model Y 2021 Update | 7 Seater, More Range, Pricing & more
The 2021 Toyota 4Runner is no different, it’s an awesome automobile that ranks near the back of the midsize SUV class. The 4Runner’s high predicted reliability rating and strong off-road performance are outshined by its crude on-road handling, mundane interior quality, and little fuel economy.
The Pros & Cons of the 2021 Toyota 4Runner; it has a good predicted reliability rating. It is said to have a poor fuel economy. It is an absolute busy ride quality. Many have also said that the 4Runner has an outdated interior design. Well, please tell us in the comment section what are you thoughts on that.
3 Ansichten · 2 Jahre alt
00:00 - 00:12 - Introduction
00:12 - 00:46 - Production will be Sooner than exspected!
00:46 - 01:09 - New Design
01:09 - 02:01 - A Little Bit Shorter and Narrower
02:01 - 02:40 - A Midgate Has Been Added
02:40 - 03:42 - It Has No Door Handles
03:42 - 05:28 - Which Features Remain?
05:28 - 06:26 - The Design is Set...
06:26 - 08:08 - Why The Cybertruck Is Actually Pretty Cheap!
08:08 - 08:50 - Why you need the Cybertruck
Ever since Elon Musk unveiled the Cybertruck there have been many rumors about what to expect from it and when to expect it; let’s discuss what we should expect when we get a final update before it's possibly imminent release from Tesla.
It turns out the Cyberruck may be in production as soon as June of this year! Tesla has been preparing its pilot production line at its factory in Giga, Texas, and is training its human staff to work with the robotic elements. That means we could see Cybertrucks for sale before 2022! There is still a lot that isn’t known about the Cybertruck, however, but a lot has leaked out and will most likely be confirmed by a final update from Musk and Tesla sometime before the Cybertruck is officially, “On the market,” for consumers.
The Cybertruck was first unveiled in 2019 and garnered a wide range of responses. Some were fascinated by its unique look and others were concerned if it would be effective as a pick-up. Since it was first seen there have been changes made to the Cybertruck based on information that has emerged officially from Tesla as well as assorted leaks.
One thing that was changed is the Cybertruck had its size altered from being absolutely huge to a bit more accessible for houses that may have smaller garages. It seems it was shrunk six inches shorter and an inch narrower. It’s nothing too big, but enough to help make it a bit more trim and tight. This redesign isn’t just for garages though. Europe is an important market and those European streets and roadways can be tight in certain cities. A slightly more compact Cybertruck makes the difference between cruising through those old European cities and possibly getting stuck in an alley! Don’t take this to mean the Cybertruck will be, “Small,” by any means. It will still be an impressive and sizeable machine capable of carrying big loads as it is at its heart a pickup truck, albeit a highly advanced and technologically superior one!
The Cybertruck wasn’t unveiled with a midgate but had been said to be an idea, “Worth considering,” by Musk as long as it didn’t change the truck’s styling too much. A midgate is a panel at the cab of a truck that can be folded to make more space but can bring with it security concerns. To address this Musk has actually said he’s thought about adding a, “Zapper,” to a truck. Whether this, “Zapper,” would outright be a taser that shocks anyone who tries to steal a Cybertruck or something a little less shocking would remain to be seen. This may be more of a theoretical feature as opposed to something actually implemented, however.
One interesting claim to recently emerge is that the Cybertruck may itself have no door handles. Such a statement would seem like a weird rumor not worth believing except Musk himself tweeted in response to someone begging for a tease of, “Cybertruck stuff,” the sentence, “There will be no handles.” When the prototype was unveiled in 2019 it had handles similar to the original Model S. There were handles that stayed flush to the car but revealed themselves when a key was sensed or the vehicle was unlocked. How would a Cybertruck work that lacks handles, however? Perhaps the car could open and close itself to those outside of the car, or maybe it will have handles inside for easy exit but nothing outside and do an auto-open feature in response to keys or some kind of app. Other than Musk’s both extremely revealing and highly cryptic tweet we can only excitedly speculate what a handle-free Cybertruck might mean and could look like once it is officially for sale.
The Cybertruck may have had certain elements redesigned, but a number of advertised features remain. It has been discussed how planned features for the Cybertruck include options for 400 to 500 miles of range, dual-motor all-wheel-drive powertrain with dynamic suspension, and the proudly touted 300,00 pounds of towing capacity as well as the Cybertruck potentially being bulletproof to small-arms fire AKA a handgun. The payload capacity for all the Cybertruck models is expected to be 3,500 pounds and the Cybertruck will seat six with a front area that includes a folding middle seat which can function as a center console when lowered. The bed will be 6.5 feet and there will be 100 cubic feet of lockable storage space. As it will be electric there will chargers that allow it to be charged quite rapidly at a rate of 250 kilowatts.
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Virgin Orbit's LauncherOne rocket reached orbit on its second flight on Jan. 17, demonstrating the air-launch system's performance after years of development.
The company's Boeing 747 aircraft, called Cosmic Girl, took off from the Mojave Air and Space Port in California at 1:38 p.m. Eastern with the LauncherOne rocket attached. The plane flew out over the Pacific just off the Southern California coast and released the rocket at about 2:39 p.m. Eastern.
The rocket ignited its NewtonThree first stage engine for three minutes, followed by stage separation and ignition of the NewtonFour engine in the rocket's second stage for nearly six minutes. After a 46-minute coast, the rocket reignited the NewtonFour for a five-second burn, followed by payload deployment in an approximately 500-kilometer orbit. However, Virgin Orbit took more than an hour to confirm those final steps.
00:00 - 00:12 Introduction
00:12 - 01:04 Why Does Russia Want to Get to Mars
01:04 - 03:31 How Nuclear Power works & Differences in Power
03:31 - 05:05 The Risks of Nuclear Energy
05:05 - 06:26 Will Russia Archive Their Goal Anytime Soon?
06:26 - 07:59 Should SpaceX Consider Using Nuclear-Powered Rockets?
07:59 - 09:06 Conclusion
Elon Musk has been very vocal about wanting to get humans to Mars with his Starship, but Russia has made it clear they have plans to try and get there first with their own spaceship--a nuclear-powered one.
Why Does Russia Want to Get to Mars
Why Russia has begun promoting its efforts to get a base on the Moon or get humans to Mars in recent years doesn’t have an exact answer. It could be that seeing an American company such as SpaceX designing and preparing impressive rockets has brought back memories of the space race for Russia. There may be a financial motivation as having the technology to go to Mars would be quite impressive and result in lots of monetary backing from others. Perhaps it is just pride as Russia still remembers how the Soviet Union got beat to the Moon by America and having a private American company get to Mars first would be another metaphorical slap in the face. Whatever the reason, Russia wants to get to Mars, and has plans to use different technology to power its rockets than has ever been seen before. They want to use nuclear power.
Differences in Power
SpaceX rockets do not use nuclear power, in fact, no current rockets do. SpaceX rockets actually use methane with oxygen mixed-in as their propellant. Many rockets before SpaceX used either a kerosene blend--and SpaceX actually used kerosene as well up until methane rockets were developed in 2007. Some spaceships have used hydrogen in the past as well. Methane rockets have served SpaceX well and seem to be the best fuel option for the future of spaceflight for the company. It also has been useful because it can be used to refuel ships in space. Roughly half of all the energy expended traveling to anywhere in the solar system such as the Moon or Mars is spent just getting into the orbit of Earth. If you can refuel a SpaceX starship while it is in orbit then it can theoretically go anywhere in the Solar System if you give it enough time. Why would a Russian spaceship use nuclear power then?
Well, Russia has claimed nuclear rockets have been in the works since 2009 and supposedly could operate at such a speed they’d get humans to Mars in a matter of weeks than months. The idea is not using carbon-based fuel would result in a faster and cleaner rocket. Nuclear rockets have been kicked around as an idea for more than half a century with the idea that the massive energy generated by a nuclear bomb could be put toward a peaceful use such as launching a rocket at mind-blowing speed. Nuclear thermal rockets have had designs drawn up and theories made, but they’ve not actually been made. Now, rockets with thermonuclear bombs have been made by the thousands and were the main focal point of the Cold War between America and the then Soviet Union. Many intercontinental rockets were produced with nuclear payloads that could have ended life on Earth a hundred times over, but those were nuclear payloads, not rockest that were themselves powered by nuclear energy in a manner without a focus on destroying Earth. While nuclear-powered rockets were always considered, Russia revisiting them has a bit of an, “Everything old is new again,” feeling to it. Now, if Russia could get such a thing to work, safely, that would be quite impressive. Nuclear energy has a history that is questionable at best, however.
The Risks of Nuclear Energy
Despite how it was promoted as clean and safe energy, Nuclear power is arguably one of the most dangerous kinds around. If an oil rig explodes it pollutes the ocean for years, if a nuclear plant has an issue, however, it’ll be centuries before the area is safe to be lived in again. One only needs to look at famous catastrophes such as Russia’s own Chernobyl reactor or what happened in Japan’s Fukushima for living proof of the risks that nuclear energy can bring. Now, imagine a nuclear-powered rocket launching from Earth and what would happen if something went wrong. When a SpaceX rocket crashes it leaves some debris, a nuclear rocket smashing to pieces would render the accident location and miles or kilometers around it totally uninhabitable. Plus, suppose a nuclear-powered rocket were to successfully launch but then suffer an issue that causes it to fall from the sky before achieving orbit and crash back into another part of Earth? The entire planet would be at risk of having a nuclear crater left from such an accident. A nuclear-powered rocket malfunctioning and explosively crashing into New York City would be a tragedy of unimaginable proportions, after all.
00:00-00:12 - Introduction
00:12-00:29 - Why SpaceX & Tesla can't get copied?
00:29-04:44 - Elon Musk vs China
04:44-07:33 - How China is trying to Copy Elon Musk
07:33-08:54 - Will China eventually Beat Elon Musk?
Elon Musk and SpaceX have been incredibly successful, so it makes sense there would be those trying to figure out a so-called, “Formula,” to his success so they could achieve it too--China has arguably been trying to do just that!
A Quick Refresher on Musk and SpaceX
Before we go into why someone would want to copy SpaceX and Elon Musk, it should briefly be pointed out why they are successful enough to warrant being copied. First of all, you can’t really talk about SpaceX without discussing Musk as they are so intertwined. Musk founded SpaceX in 2002 with the then-outlandish sounding idea to get humans back into space with reusable rockets, then eventually return us to the Moon before making a trip to Mars and even possibly colonizing the red planet. Now in 2021 with the fact that SpaceX has made incredible strides in rocket technology, it seems a lot more possible we could soon have a base on the moon and even get to Mars in the next decade. SpaceX has been at the forefront of cutting-edge technology with its reusable Superheavy rockets that land themselves after assisting Starships with getting into orbit, launching thousands of satellites into orbit as well for the Worldwide internet idea Starlink, and basically has taken over for NASA in America when it comes to the actual production and launch of rockets. SpaceX and Musk have had incredible success, and other people and countries have taken note. Countries like China.
A Complicated Relationship
Musk has had an extremely complicated relationship with China. It has at times been incredibly friendly and complimentary and at other points been downright combative. Back in July of 2020 Musk observed that, “China rocks,” and stated America was, “Full of entitlement,” when he described how in his opinion China was full of dedicated and hardworking people compared to how Americans could at times be--in his mind--lazy. Musk has also worked extensively with China when it comes to another of his companies--Tesla. Tesla is known for its creation and manufacturing of electric vehicles and in 2019 Chinese government officials helped Tesla qualify for loans worth around $1.6 billion to construct and begin manufacturing vehicles at the company’s new and no-yet-proven Shanghai factory.
This all makes Musk and China sound like they get along great, but in November of 2020 things became quite rocky when Musk accused a rival Chinese company known as Xpeng of, “Stealing,” source codes for Tesla’s electric vehicles and Apple’s source code for its AR technology, LIDAR. Musk basically felt that Xpeng was trying to steal from Tesla so that it could copy their technology. There was no outright proof of any theft, but Musk having said it happened got many people talking and greatly upset China. with China being a Communist regime, the government is heavily involved in all corporations and production, including a company like Xpeng. In other words, when Musk accused Xpeng of stealing from him and Apple, he essentially accused China itself by proxy.
After Musk’s accusations towards Xpeng things got pretty chilly between him and China. However, as of March 2021, it seems everyone may be warming up to each other again. In a recent interview with China Central Television--which is owned by the Chinese government--Musk said how in the long run the nation would be his, “Biggest market,” for Tesla. Musk stated he saw China becoming the biggest economy in the world over the next 10 years in that interview as well. When he wasn’t doing interviews he spoke with government officials during a trip to China in late March where he addressed everything from helping China reduce its carbon blueprint to assuring the government the cameras on Tesla cars used for actions such as backing-up would never be used for spying or corporate espionage.
Musk seems to be on good terms with China again as he is not only getting along with the Chinese government but is a major celebrity among Chinese citizens too! He has around 1.7 million followers on Weibo, a major Chinese social media platform, and it often talked about by Chinese citizens as an iconic and impressive figure. Both citizens and government officials have said Musk deserves a residential green card and be offered citizenship in China due to all he has done for the country. Clearly from the great times and moments of animosity it is clear Musk’s relationship with China is complicated! It isn’t a one-sided relationship, however, as China has arguably been wanting to learn from the success of Musk and SpaceX, with some even saying the country wants to copy him!
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To make space travel less expensive and fast, SpaceX plans to reuse its Starship, meaning the upper stage will return to earth after each mission and take off again. However, all this plan depends on a collection of black hexagonal tiles that will prevent the Starship from overheating on its re-entry into the earth. SpaceX has been making them in a secret facility it calls the Bakery!
Join us as we explore SpaceX Insane factory that will produce the heat shielding ceramic tiles that hold up the future of SpaceX!
When the Starship is finished, it will be insanely powerful and massive. It will cover millions of miles in space as it fulfills Musk’s dream of colonizing Mars by transporting both passengers and cargo to the planet.
Musk even wants the Starship to go farther to one of the moons of Jupiter after conquering the Red Planet.
While doing this, the Starship will reenter the earth’s atmosphere to undertake more missions. There is one problem with the entry that can spell disaster for the Starship: the tremendous amount of heat generated.
If not properly insulated from this heat, the Starship will be damaged, and it will not be reusable, shattering Musk’s dream.
However, SpaceX has come up with the idea of sticking black hexagonal tiles on the side of the Starship that is exposed to heat. The tiles will as a heat shield and deflect the heat, protecting the Starship.
For some years, SpaceX has been operating a facility called the Bakery, where it produces and tests the black hexagonal ceramic tiles that will cover a side of the Starship. This is quite out of character for a company that puts everything about its designs and manufacturing out there in the open. For example, Elon Musk, the CEO, has already explained how the lower stage of the Starship will be caught mid-air and even stating where his company got the inspiration for the mechanism.
So you might be surprised SpaceX is keeping hush-hush over its Bakery location and wonder why. However, SpaceX’s well-kept secret location has come into the open thanks to some intelligent spotters that have applied some ingenuity.
The ceramic tile-making Bakery has been located in Cape Canaveral in Florida all this while, and we know this courtesy of some forum posts.
The trail starts when a forum user spotted some SpaceX vehicles at a particular address and asked what the facility was used for. The address is 8550 Astronaut Boulevard, in Cape Canaveral.
Another forum quickly pointed out it was an old NASA NSLD Shuttle building but added it could be anything, as it contains machine shops, acoustic and vibration test facilities, and office space.
But we get more clarification from another use that adds a crucial piece of info that the facility is called “Starship Tile Facility” and invited readers to guess what SpaceX was doing there.
There were some good jokes about Musk and his flamethrowers, which we will ignore and go to the next clue in our unraveling mission.
Another forum member points out that since SpaceX has taken over the facility, the City Board has modified the zoning permits to develop up to 90,000 square feet of climate-controlled self-storage in the existing 161,000 square foot building.
SpaceX has also been granted permission for extensive AC modifications.
And, pay attention to this next one; the hazardous waste registration for the building mentions corrosive and ignitable materials.
The real scoop came when the same user posted an official inspection report in the thread and blew open what SpaceX has kept quiet.
The Cape Canaveral Bakery employs about 20 people and has been in operation since 2019. It is run 24 hours a day, seven days a week, with three different shifts. We even see who SpaceX’s landlord is, Cape Canaveral Joint Venture.
From the report, all doubts about the function of the building are shot down as it states clearly that it is used to manufacture heat shield tiles for SpaceX.
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SpaceX’s Starship will transport people to mars through space where there is no gravity. How will SpaceX generate artificial gravity on the Starship?
This is a sneak peek into the insane method SpaceX will use to articially introduce gravity on the Starship.
This is only a concept. Nothing is confirmed at all. The sentence would be better if it would be "….Insane method SpaceX might/could use to artificially introduce gravity…" Otherwise the viewers get triggered
Gravity is the force that allows you walk from your house to the store without floating away into space.
It is the effect of the earth pulling you towards it.
While gravity basically holds everything down, it is easy to take it for granted as it is very natural. The story is different when you step into space as there is no gravity out there.
Astronauts are a different breed since their real ‘place of work’ lacks gravity. When in space, they have a feeling of being wieightless, called zero gravity. This expliains the floating videos of astronauts you must have seen floating around. This is serious stuff as astronauts spend a great deal of time practicing to adjust to zero gravity before leaving the earth.
At the center of Elon Musk’s plans for humans to become a multi-planetary species is the Starship. However, as huge and versatile the spacecraft is, it can’t eacape the annoying presence of zero-gravity. With travelers to mars expected to spend up to nine months en route, SpaceX has to find a way to artificially introduce gravity in the space vehicle.
What happens if SpaceX decides to forgo gravity and sends the Starship on its journey to mars anyway? That sounds like sending people to Mars on the first trip would be necessary or smarter. But SpaceX is still porbably 50-100 years away from artificial Gravity
That simply means the passengers and their stuff will float around for about 9 months, the duration of the trip. Your pen will be suspended in air alongside your sleeping mattress, for example.
While that may sound not so bad on even exciting based on Youtube videos of astronauts in space, it quickly gets annoying or boring when you need a drink. Zero gravity means the water wont stay in your cup but will break into droplets and float away from you and potential cause damage. Imagine the horror of short circuiting the wiring of the Starship because you want a sip of water!
This part is not optimal. At such a mission things like "annoying or boring" play not role. Also, the chance of having a short circuiting is 0%. This never happens. This sentence sounds not professional.
Think of that floating pen of yours again. What if it gets into the eye of a fellow passenger?
That is no risk at all! A droplet of water is nothing. Makes no sense to mention that as a reason to build a entire artificial gravity starship. There are much more significant reasons.
But more importantly, prolonged zero gravity affects the muscles. They lose strength as they are not used as much. Even constant workout may not be enough to counteract the effect on your muscle. So you arrive on mars, all proud of your achievement but you can’t even lift an arm to disembark?
This is not the reality.. Astronauts get trained over years in order to keep their muscles and to prepare on such trips. It will not happen that they arrive on mars and lost all their muscle power.
SpaceX had better put on some artificial gravity in that Starship, just like you have to put some serious security on your internet habits.
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Tesla’s Cybertruck was first revealed in November of 2019 and as more and more has been revealed it looks like it might be the best truck ever made. What kind of engineering genius has gone into the Cybertruck to make it so impressive?
Why the Cybetruck Could Be the Best Truck Ever Made
Tesla’s Cybertruck will soon be on the market and looks simply amazing. Tesla has made a number of amazing vehicles but had yet to fully tackle the truck market until we met the Cybertruck during its unveiling in late 2019. The Cybertruck is no ordinary pick-up truck, however. A major notable element is how it’s fully electric, and drivers should be able to expect a range of 240 miles on a fully charged battery. Tesla has stated how they continue to research advances in the battery power of their vehicles, so it is possible future iterations of the Cybertruck could go even further in distance without buyers having to pay anything extra for such awesome capabilities.
The Cybertruck is also built for longevity, unlike some competitors’ vehicles. With other cars often only lasting a decade or less before they conk-out or cost so much to maintain that people trade them in, the Cybertruck is a breath of fresh air with it officially stated it should last 750,000 miles, and more likely close to a million miles for its overall lifespan. Even if you drove it 40,000 miles a year--quite a lot--a Cybertruck would last a good 20 years with little issues. Thanks to top-of-the-line quality parts used for its engine, body, and everything else, a Cybertruck should last a long time. After all, Tesla is a name known for quality when it comes to their vehicles.
With pickup trucks, a big focus is being able to haul a lot, use tools, and go offroad. Well, the Cybertruck easily does both! Its spacious 6.5-feet bed has a payload capacity of 3,500 pounds and a very useful feature where every Cybertruck will have an adaptive air suspension system. This means if you have air-compressed tools you could actually power them off of your truck. With that massive bed and the way to power tools that is some engineering genius right there, and the Cybertruck may look sleek and futuristic, but it can get down in the dirt and mud too. Thanks to its adaptive air expansion it has a ground clearance of around 16 inches. A Cybertruck could theoretically handle an extreme off-roading event like the Baja 1000, it is so great at going through the grime! As for towing, the tow rating for the Tesla Cybertruck tops out at 14,000 pounds in the Tri-Motor all-wheel-drive variant. The Single Motor and Dual Motor versions tow 7,500 and 10,000 pounds, respectively. Nothing to sneeze at for sure!
The Cybertruck isn’t just capable of carrying a bunch, it has some serious power to move fast too. The Cybertruck operates at the same performance level as a sports car, not just being able to pull a Ford uphill, but it could drag-race a Porsche, and win! The Cybertruck has the abilities of a truck and the performance of a sports car and that’s just amazing and another example of why it might be the best truck ever made. When you can pull a ton of cargo and outrace a sports car, you know you’ve done something right with your truck!
The interior aspects of the Cybertruck really shine as well. The head of Tesla, Elon Musk, has spoken often about Tesla’s efforts to achieve autonomous driving software that will eventually be safer and more, “Skilled,” than a human driver. Normally luxury cars are associated with this kind of self-driving tech, but for an extra fee, a person can have their Cybertruck come loaded with this impressive autonomous driving technology that only continues to get more and more advanced! Then there is another small touch that makes the interior extra impressive. After all, one thing to keep in mind with the Cybertruck is that as it will be very big that might make it hard to use a regular rearview mirror. However, this was planned for and the Cybertruck comes with a digital review mirror that is not so much a mirror as it is a high-tech screen that shows drivers a live feed of what’s behind them. It’s not just autonomous driving and high-tech mirrors that will make being in a Cybertruck a great experience, however. The Cybertruck will be loaded up with a 17-inch screen that will be able to play music, stream Netflix, serve as a wi-fi hotspot for phones, and will be able to keep riders quite entertained who are in a Cybertruck! Knowing that there will be countless entertainment options to avoid riders from ever getting bored is sure to appeal to those who often have riders in the form of spouses or possibly children who often complain, “Are we there yet?” When riding in a Cybertruck those kids will be having so much fun they won’t want to reach their destination!
Toyota is working on next-generation solid-state batteries, but will they be a game-changer or fail to impress?
To start, what exactly is a solid-state battery? Well, a solid-state battery is a rechargeable battery in which the electrolyte is in the solid-state rather than the liquid or gaseous state. This means that they have a very high energy density, can be discharged and charged rapidly, and have no flammable components--a nice additional safety element. You see, generally, batteries contain two electrodes. There is an anode and a cathode separated by an electrolyte. When charging or discharging electrons are exchanged between these two electrodes that create the current flow AKA it powers everything. As the electrolyte conducts negative ions from the cathode to the anode, electricity is produced. The two electrodes are bound together by another material called a separator. The key difference to know is that with a solid-state battery, this liquid electrolyte is replaced by a solid material. These materials have high conductivity and don't evaporate in the same way that liquid electrolytes do. This makes solid-state batteries superior to traditional ones in a number of ways that ought to be examined.
There are four main areas where a solid-state battery could be better than a traditional one. They are safety, charge speed, range of travel, and energy density. As was mentioned, solid-state batteries do not have flammable electrolytes. The solid materials do not evaporate as they charge and discharge so overheating is a minimal risk. In other words, your engine won’t catch fire with a solid-state battery compared to a traditional one. Charge speed is another big deal as traditional batteries don’t exactly charge quickly. It can take hours whereas a solid-state battery can be charged up to an 80% charge in just fifteen minutes. Existing batteries only charge up to 50% in fifteen minutes if you’re lucky! Then we have range; solid-state batteries can be charged and discharged many times more than traditional batteries without much of any strain. This makes them fantastic as they maintain their range over a longer number of cycles than a traditional battery. Last, is the energy density. The energy density of a battery is the amount of energy it can store per unit weight. The higher the density, the more energy an electric car can store. Solid-state batteries have more energy density so they can store more energy and last longer, simple as that. With solid-state batteries being so great, why aren’t they used more? Well, it is still a young technology in terms of being currently applicable. However, Toyota is making some big strides and hopes to become a, “Tesla killer,” with their solid-state battery. Could such a thing be possible? The answer is a big, “Maybe?”
If Toyota’s solid-state battery they are working on is to be a game-changer it needs to accomplish certain things. The cost is currently prohibitive to use in electric vehicles where a car with a solid-state battery would cost far too much for almost any consumer to be interested in it. As this technology is still a lot of prototypes and testing it hasn’t been scaled up yet either. Durability is a big question too as if there isn’t much real-life testing being done with solid-state batteries it is hard to accurately gauge just how long they will actually last in real-life applications. Plus, even if a solid-state battery is powerful it needs a car with high-quality parts and elements to match--which again could raise prices to levels consumers will not like. Another big concern is recharging stations. Recharging stations need to be able to handle a much faster charge than traditional ion batteries. Charging stations with equipment that cannot handle the new technology may not be compatible with solid-state batteries and be useless to anyone with a car packing a solid-state battery. The driver would have a battery that can charge quickly, but not have anywhere to charge it if stations aren’t upgraded for this technology--which, not to sound repetitive, but that’s, AGAIN, a cost concern.
Clearly, there are still hurdles to overcome, with the emphasis on money being an extremely major one. After all, Toyota has been working on and exploring this technology since 2012 in the hopes of making it cost-efficient and reliable. It is a technology being whipped up from scratch and there is bound to be a lot of trial and error. There is some progress to show for it with it quite possible we could see solid-state batteries in the near future, but it also wouldn’t be surprising if they took a handful more years to be put into development. It is still impressive to see that with the possible problems researching solid-state batteries can bring that Toyota wants to explore it. Right now this technology is just not applicable to the current marketplace, but if challenges could be overcome then Toyota’s solid-state battery could be amazing.
A leading member of the Space Race, if you may call it, China has unveiled ambitious plans to cope up with the Westerners as USA has become a trend setter via NASA and SpaceX.
It is hardly a breaking news that China has long adored and envied the tracks of Space X.
Musk has consistently welcomed competition and China is entering the arena with its own brand of reusable orbital rockets.
China has set massive targets to meet in space transport and it plans to meet them using the idea of reusables.
In an interesting turn of events, China seems to have had taken to matching space achievements by them too personally.
China’s first private rocket venture, LinkSpace, has unveiled the design of its New Line 1 launch vehicle which can potentially take down Space X’s Falcon 9 in future.
In a promotional video that went viral on Sina Weibo, a Chinese microblogging site, one can see how China plans to achieve suborbital passenger flights in about 20 years from now using two contrasting concepts.
However, the first concept is what has captured interest of space enthusiasts due to its striking similarity to Space X’s Starship vehicle where the video shows a large vehicle that can undertake vertical take off and a vertical landing.
This news broke when China recently celebrated its 6th “National Space Day” in the capital city of Jiangsu province, Nanjing.
The Chinese space officials used the platform to announce the name of the country’s first Mars rover, Zhurong, which is expected to land on Mars next month.
A booth operated by state-owned rocket manufacturer, the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT), also highlighted the potential for suborbital point-to-point transportation.
This is a concept in which a vehicle launches from Earth, flies into suborbital space, and touches down halfway around the world in less than an hour.
Now this seems to be a rip-off of Space X’s point-to-point transportation concept which it first unveiled in September 2017. A video from that time also showed a Starship flight from New York City to Shanghai in just 39 minutes.
The San Weibo video clip showed a similar concept using a horizontal takeoff horizontal landing vehicle which used some sort of electromagnetic catapult.
Under the country's long-term planning goals, Chinese industry would begin delivering cargo around the globe via suborbital flight by 2035 and passengers by 2045.
Upon revelation of the design and other technical parameters of the New Line 1, the newly proposed launcher’s first stage could comprise of a landing system quite similar to Falcon 9’s booster.
The founder-cum-CEO of LinkSpace, Hu Zhenyu, was quoted saying in an interview that the New Line 1 will be small launch vehicle that is going to be designed for micro and nano satellite launchers and would be able to propel around 440 pounds into Sun Synchronous Orbit of 155 to 342 miles.
The ability to reuse the New Line 1 rocket particularly when it comes to the first stage would drastically reduce the cost of a single orbital launch.
According to Hu, the price for a launch as of now is about 30 million yen which is around 4.5 million dollars.
This price would fall to about 15 million yen (2.25 million dollars) by reusing the first stage of the rocket, which would have an enhanced version as well with increased takeoff weight.
As the New Line 1 has one stage where it is reusable, the company also plans to introduce a second stage that can be reused after landing.
The CEO is optimistic about admitting new stages to his plan book even though it might not be feasible to make it possible in the first variant. However, it might be a possibility for the later versions such as the New Line 2 or New Line 3.
According to credible sources, the New Line 1 launch vehicle’s construction would cost LinkSpace around 300 million yen (45 million dollars) and its first flight was due 2020, a deadline which the company had set in 2017 but has missed.
This was anticipated because the goal itself seemed unrealistic for it is hard to develop the core technology behind these complex systems such as that of a flight control and landing.
Till now, Elon Musk’s SpaceX and Jeff’s Blue Origin are the only companies that come to mind when we mention the term ‘reusable rockets’...
And since SpaceX has already had success with adding the recovery of a rocket after an orbital flight to its portfolio, the pressure on other countries’ space corporations is mounting up.
Still, it may take time for the Chinese to break their monopoly in reusable space technology.
However, Hu and his team are hopeful that their venture would attract clients from the industry and plan on performing missions for the Chinese government as well.
Despite of the fact that the Chinese government holds high expectations from private firms, it has stepped up its own gears as well and has shown interest in following Elon’s path by construction of Long March 8, the idea behind which is to add variety to the cou
Elon Musk’s Boring Company has been around for a while. Its goal is to transport lots of people through underground tunnels but is the company living up to the expectations it set?
To answer that question, we will go back memory lane and examine what Musk promised to achieve with the Boring Company, the criticisms and use the recent test run at Las Vegas Convention Center to evaluate its performance and prospect.
The whole concept started as a meme posted by Musk in 2016, in which he tweeted his frustration at the traffic in his city.
He said “Traffic is driving me nuts. Am going to build a tunnel boring machine and just start digging….”.
Moments later, the CEO tweeted he had thought about it and was going to actually do it. He revealed the company would be called The Boring Company.
The concept took on life when Musk registered The Boring Company and acquired a 400 foot long boring machine known as the Nannie and immediately began boring on SpaceX premises in February 2017.
The boring hasn’t stopped since and part of the result is the open trial of a Boring Company tunnel in Las Vegas recently. There is another tunneling going on under SpaceX’s parking lot in Hawthorne, California.
The stated purpose of The Boring Company is to solve the problem of soul-destroying traffic by building a network of rapid transport corridors underground.
That may sound very ordinary and boring, as you are probably one of the millions that took an underground train to work today.
However, Musk was not just digging tunnels as he fleshed out his dream mass transport scheme. The visionary imagined pods that look like what you see in sci-fi’s that can carry up to 16 passengers at a time hurtling through a network of tunnels at 150 miles per hour, completely autonomous.
We get a glimpse of Musk’s vision in a concept video released by the company and it looked far out in the future. We see a red car that looks a lot like a Tesla going through street traffic on its own before coming to rest on a metallic platform that descends lower into the bowels of the earth.
Next, we see a crisscrossing of underground highways that look like magnetic rails, with vehicles moving at high speeds. There are more public transport vehicles, with some shaped like big glass rectangles that can carry more passengers at once through the tunnel.
The construction of the tunnels with all the futuristic elements is supposed to be economical.
The proposal submitted to by The Boring Company to the City of Chicago during its contest for building a high-speed transportation network is more realistic but still high tech. The city wants to move people rapidly from downtown Chicago to the O’Hare Airport. The Boring Company offered to cut the ride to 12 minutes using a loop system of pods departing every 30 second, with speeds of 150 miles per hour.
The biggest criticism has been safety, which is not unjustified as The Boring Company wants to put people many feet below the ground surface.
A look at the proposed Baltimore to Washington DC tunnel gives us a new safety perspective on Musk’s tunnels. At 35.3 miles, the underground corridor would be the longest non-rail tunnel in the United States.
Bear in mind that there are no federal regulations for underground shuttles like the one The Boring Company is proposing, so local authorities apply.
The tunnel will use modified Tesla vehicles that will be powered by batteries that will take off every 30 seconds and move autonomously in either way, with speeds again at 150 miles per hour, making the journey just 15 minutes long. In the future, Musk wants to introduce pods that zoom at 600 miles per hour.
Even with the battery powered vehicles The Boring Company wants to use, fires are a real hazard that has to be accounted for. The company’s proposal states there will be fire detection, suppression and safety measures but its emergency escape plan doesn’t really impress much.
The proposed passenger emergency exits are spaced 10,500 feet apart. In comparison, the Gotthard Base Tunnel in the Swiss Alps, which is the longest underground tunnel in the world, has emergency exits at 1,000 feet intervals.
The Boring Company’s plan is even four times the maximum distance permitted in the National Fire Protection Association standards for public rail and transit systems, meaning escaping passengers may have to face a two mile trek through smoke to locate an exit.
Musk’s underground tunnels have been panned for the cost involved. Tunneling is expensive, even before adding the cost of the bells and whistles The Boring Company is adding. For example, the tunnels at the Las Vegas Convention Center costs 52.5 million dollars and is expected to be free. The tunnel proposed for Chicago will gulp a billion dollars.
It is important to answer the question of who bears the costs.
Is it really needed?
Another contention is whether the underground tunnels are really needed and what new things they bring.
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The battery is a critical component of electric vehicles. Apart from forming a good percentage of the sticker price, the battery pack can make up to one third of the gross weight of the car. This presents a challenge for design engineers who have to balance weight and range, in effect designing the vehicle to be able to bear the heavy weight of the battery that will make it move.
However, a radically new battery promises to fix that by eliminating the extra weight of the battery totally.
Join us as we explore the breakthrough MASSLESS BATTERY!
The Tesla range of EVs are excellent cars as they have some of the longest driving ranges in their class. For example, the Model S Long Range has more than 400 mile range.
That exceptional range comes at a weight cost to the vehicle. The 103.9 kWh battery that comes with the Model S weighs more than 500 kg.
Musk would like nothing more than to eliminate the weight entirely as it will dramatically increase the range.
Some years ago, that would have been a pipe dream, but a recent breakthrough in battery design makes it possible to do just that.
The exciting tech is known as structural or massless battery. More on the names later.
Researchers at the Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden have been developing the battery for years. It looks set to revolutionize the electric vehicle industry especially.
One huge advantage of the structural battery is that it can drastically reduce the weight of the battery component to zero, giving the designer great latitude in turning their design concepts into reality.
The massless battery from Chalmers uses carbon fibre as both the electrode, conductor and load bearing material for the vehicle it is powering, meaning no need to allocate a separate mass for the battery.
In more practical terms, the body or structure of the electric vehicle is the battery or power source of the car. This is why the battery is known as structural battery.
The other name, "massless battery," is due to the fact that the mass of the battery is essentially zero as the vehicle will have a body anyway.
So Tesla can easily cut the weight of the Model S by a third by using massless batteries.
Carbon fibre is very fitting here because it is stiff, strong, and capable of storing electrical energy chemically. In fact, the use of carbon fibre in massless battery was ranked by Physics World as the top ten scientific breakthroughs of the year 2018.
Work on massless batteries however started earlier than that. Research on the battery began in 2007 by the US Army Research Laboratory. even though the breakthrough came this year.
The massless battery recently presented by the researchers at Chalmers had properties that far exceed what is offered by all other massless battery prototypes.
Its multifunctional nature makes it perform ten times better than earlier prototypes when its storage, stiffness, and strength are compared.
The battery has an energy density of 24 Wh/kg, which is about 20 percent of what present lithium-ion batteries offer.
However, the lower energy density is not an issue as the vehicle's weight is significantly reduced, meaning less mass for the massless battery to move.
Apart from that, the lower energy density results in increased safety from the point of view of the battery system.
Other prototypes of the massless battery were either robust mechanically or strong electrically. But with the use of carbon fibre, this latest prototype combines higher energy storage capacity and high structural rigidity.
This unique prototype was made from a negative electrode made from carbon fibre and a positive electrode made of aluminum foil coated with lithium-ion phosphate. The two electrodes are separated by a fiberglass material. The three layers are packed in a polymer electrolyte with high ionic conductivity before being cured in the oven.
The carbon fibre serves as the host for the lithium and stores the energy. Since the carbon fibre conducts electrons, there is no need for copper or silver conductors, resulting in even less weight.
The aluminum foil increases the mechanical properties of the battery. Besides giving the electrons a chance to move around, the electrolyte also transfers mechanical loads between the carbon fibre and other parts.
The end result is a tough flat battery cell with excellent conducting property and high tensile strength in all directions. The prototype has a stiffness of 25 GPa, well within the acceptable range for materials used in making vehicles.
Developing this breakthrough massless battery required the cooperation of researchers from different disciplines like material mechanics, materials engineering, applied electrochemistry, and fiber and polymer technology.
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00:00 - 00:08 - Introduction
00:00 - 02:52 - From the Past to the Present, and then the Future
02:52 - 04:08 - Building the Gigafactory
04:08 - 06:52 - Tesla Appeals to Europe
06:52 - 08:02 - Possible Obstacles
For years, German car companies such as Mercedes-Benz and Audi have dominated the luxury car market. When you asked someone what country made the highest-quality cars you’d often hear, “Germany.” The country was just synonymous with being, “The best.” These cars have often been top-of-the-line and loaded with impressive features. Some have been hybrids, many have used gasoline. These German cars have lagged in creating all-electric options and now are risking getting lapped by Tesla as it continues to impress the luxury car marketplace with its highly desirable options for drivers after a nice luxurious ride. German carmakers are trying to close that technology gap and, they hope, overtake Tesla before it’s too late, but it may already not be achievable as Tesla is starting to crush these companies. It is already gaining popularity in Germany and has some big plans for further expansion into the country that will only further solidify its appeal within the nation.
Germany is home to one of the fastest highways around, the Autobahn, and it will soon also be home to Tesla’s newest Gigafactory. The electric automaker plans to start building cars outside Germany's capital of Berlin this summer and it has domestic automakers there metaphorically sweating at the thought of their industry being upended. Originally German automakers would say things about Tesla like, “These guys in Silicon Valley - they have no clue about engineering, about building really beautiful and great cars. So we don't have to worry,” but as time has gone on Tesla went from a company with 23 billion dollars in shares--a quarter of that of Germany's largest carmaker, Volkswagen--to a corporation with a market cap of over $800 billion. Yeah, that’s three times what Volkswagon is currently worth! All of this makes it especially scary to German carmakers as they witness Tesla opening a new factory right in the heart of Germany.
Building the Gigafactory
Musk’s newest Gigafactory will take the town of Grunheide in Germany from a quiet town of 9,000 to a location with 40,000 workers daily--about half of them will most likely commute in from nearby Berlin. The Gigafactory will produce batteries, drive trains and eventually assemble 500,000 of Tesla's trademark electric vehicles per year. It will be Tesla's fourth Gigafactory after Reno, Buffalo and Shanghai--and the first-ever in Europe. Why did Musk choose Gunheide for Tela’s new Gigafactory? It is right by the autobahn, on a train line, and near Berlin's new airport. Plus, there were permits in place already for a major factory as about 20 years ago Grunheide had approved a BMW factory that never was built. Tesla also isn’t having to spend too much, in the long run, to make their factory as Germany announced they are one of 11 companies that'll receive billions of dollars’ worth of government subsidies aimed at increasing battery cell production within the country. Once it is complete, the Gigafactory will be quite an impressive sight and the amount of income it will bring to Grunheide will surely serve the town well.
Tesla Appeals to Europe
Another reason Tesla is crushing German carmakers with their gasoline-powered cars is how Europe wants to shift towards a zero-carbon economy. The country wants no overall C02 output and having electric cars that don’t pollute the air is a major step in that direction. The European Union has openly stated it was zero net carbon output by 2050 and road transportation currently accounts for ⅕ of carbon emissions. Having big SUVs and sedans that pollute the air has been a specialty of German car manufacturers and those kinds of vehicles clearly have their days numbered. The kinds of fines the EU and Germany will have in mind for companies that are major polluters could theoretically put car manufacturers out of business if they don’t literally clean up their act! Last year Volkswagen missed its carbon emissions target for its fleet by just 0.5 grams per kilometer. As a result, the EU punished the company by making it pay a fine worth about $121 million. Now, imagine the fines a gas-guzzling SUV might cause a German company to get--it’s not a pretty picture.
In fact, one EU car-maker, Fiat Chrysler actually almost went out of business due to these fines. The EU threatened to fine it $2 billion because its car fleet's carbon output was too high. Desperate to not be insolvent, the company made a deal with none other than Tesla. Tesla agreed to pool its fleet with Fiat Chrysler’s emissions. Tesla now gets hundreds of millions of dollars a year from Fiat Chrysler and guess what they used that money for? Yep, to fund the construction of their German Gigafactory.
Jupiter appears tranquil from afar, with reddish-brown clouds floating and its
atmosphere emitting a distinct tint in the dark emptiness of space, but as
you get closer, this world becomes chaotic, scarred by dangerous storms.
With the help of measurements from the Juno spacecraft orbiting the planet,
scientists have constructed a 3D depiction of Jupiter's atmosphere for the
first time, and what these images reveal chills scientists to their bones.
In today's video, we'll be showing these Jupiter images that were discovered
and what's shocking about them, and SpaceX's involvement with NASA on
these Jupiter explorations. So, stay tuned to the end of this video, you don't
want to miss out on anything. Kindly subscribe and turn on the notification
button if you haven't already done so. Let's get started!
Jupiter, the king of the gods, was fittingly titled. It is the largest planet in the
Solar System, with the strongest magnetic field and the most moons. Though
astronomers have known about it since antiquity, the discovery of the
telescope and the development of modern astronomy have taught us a great
deal about it.
Close observations by automated spacecraft have been used to explore
Jupiter. Pioneer 10 was the first spacecraft to enter the Jovian system in
1973, and eight other spacecraft missions have been launched since then.
All but two of these missions were flybys that took extensive measurements
without landing or entering orbit, and they were all carried out by the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Because all missions
to the outer Solar System have employed Jupiter flybys, Jupiter has become
the most visited of the Solar System's outer planets. Juno, the second
spacecraft to enter the planet's orbit, arrived on July 5, 2016, and became
the second craft to do so in history. Sending a vessel to Jupiter is tough due
to the planet's severe radiation environment and huge fuel requirements.
In June, NASA announced that SpaceX had been chosen to fly a planned
mission to Jupiter's frozen moon Europa, a significant victory for Elon Musk's
company as it moves deeper into the solar system. The Europa Clipper
mission will launch from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida in October
2024 on a Falcon Heavy rocket, with a total contract value of $178 million.
Well, that's still in motion but with the help of Juno data, scientists have
constructed the first-ever 3D image of Jupiter's atmosphere.
Microwave light enables planetary scientists to peer deep beneath Jupiter's
colorful clouds, allowing them to better comprehend the weather and climate
in the warmer, darker, deeper layers. The spacecraft orbiting our solar
system's largest planet has revealed a more complete view of how the
planet's distinctive and colorful atmospheric features reveal information
about the activities occurring beneath its clouds.
Since 2016, the Juno mission has been circling our solar system's largest
planet, snapping photographs of its spectacular swirls. Jupiter has already
been detected to have lightning in the clouds, movement deep in the
atmosphere, and massive aurorae similar to Earth's famous Aurora Borealis.
Although Mars may appear to be the most popular place to look for life,
moons in the outer solar system, such as Ganymede, also have a lot of
potentials. Underneath their ice exterior shells, several frozen moons,
including Ganymede, Europa, and Enceladus, are thought to harbor oceans
of water. Ganymede, in particular, has a thick ice shell with rock fragments
buried in it and brilliant streaks across the surface, making it an attractive
and dynamic astronomical target. Ganymede also contains a magnetic field,
which is a vital protective shield for life.
One of Jupiter's most recognizable characteristics is the Great Red Spot. This
anticyclonic storm has a diameter of 24,000 km and a height of 12–14,000
km. It is located south of the equator. As a result, it has enough room to hold
two or three planets with diameters comparable to Earth's. And the location
has been known for at least 350 years, dating back to the 17th century when
it was discovered. Giovanni Cassini, an Italian astronomer, first discovered
the Great Red Spot in 1665. Astronomers theorized that it was a storm
caused by Jupiter's turbulent and fast-moving atmosphere by the turn of the
twentieth century. The Voyager 1 spacecraft viewed the Giant Red Spot up
close during its flyby of the planet in March 1979, confirming these
Since then, though, it seems to have shrunk. In the 17th century, the size
was believed to be 40,000 km, almost twice as huge as it is currently, based
on Cassini's measurements. Astronomers are unsure when or if it will
completely vanish, but they are very certain that another one will appear
someplace else on the planet. Scientists have been fascinated by the
crimson vortex since its discovery nearly two centuries ago, and new findings